Everywhere you look the colors of orange and lemon yellow are so bright that one is almost compelled to don a pair of Ray-Bans. But then you might miss the subtle detail of this exquisite panorama. Before you is a bigger than life-size steam train pulling a Victorian-style carriage sculpted in lemons and oranges displayed on a field of geometrical patterns also of citrus. To the left and slightly behind the train is what appears to be the railroad station also built of the pucker fruit. In the background is a looming giant of a sculpture of Big Ben in all it citrus glory.
This is Menton, in the South of France, nicknamed the “Cité des Citrons” (City of Lemons). Every year around this time, it celebrates the Fête du Citron (the Lemon Festival) an event unique in the world, featuring giant designs made exclusively from citrus fruits and floats decorated with oranges and lemons 油漆工程.The Lemon Festival usually takes place between middle of February until March, in Menton, France. This year the festival runs from February 16th to March 6th.This is one of the largest festivals in the South of France attracting over 160,000 visitors and around 145 tons of lemons and oranges used in fascinating and original giant-size sculptures.
Ever since the 15th century, Menton has been a major producer of lemons. By the twentieth century it had grown into the largest producer of citrus on the continent. The idea for the Lemon Festival can be traced all the way back to 1929, when a local hotelier suggested that Menton organize a flower and citrus fruit exhibition to show off its famous produce. The exhibition was so popular for the locals that the following year, they filled the streets with carts carrying orange and lemon trees. Each year the exhibitions grew and drew more and more crowds, so that by 1934, Menton decided to officially declare mid February as the Fête du Citron.
Over the decades, the Lemon Festival has grown into and artistic competition of giant sculptures of animals, buildings and other beautiful scenes all created using lemons and oranges. The citrus sculptures are up to 10 meters (30-feet) tall, incredibly decorated and also parade floats requiring over 140 tons of oranges and lemons. For three weeks, Menton gives over the Biovès Gardens as well as its surrounding streets to these giant citrus sculptures.
The theme for the 80th edition of the event is “Around the world in 80 days: Menton, the secret port of call” and will therefore be the idea behind all of the creations in the Corsos de Fruits d’Or (parades with floats), the Corsos Nocturnes (parades in the night), and the Jardin de Lumierès found inside the Jardins Biovès (Biovès gardens) in the center of the city. Visitors will be able to take on the role of modern-day explorers, visiting India, Egypt, New York and Hong Kong. Though the fruit may be sour they will surely east their eyes on sweet sights unseen anywhere else in the world.
When one thinks of chandeliers it is often associated with a beautiful home, elegance and money. Although chandeliers are still used in homes today the history of the chandeliers is quite intriguing.
Chandeliers date all the way back to the medieval times. The only people to have chandeliers during this time were the wealthy and the lights could be moved from room to room. If the lighting was needed in a different room it was picked up and carried. The chandelier was then set down and relit if any of the candles had gone out.
During the 15th century chandeliers became more ornate and complex. The lighting would be based on crown designs or rings and were used in the palaces and homes of nobility and clergy. Because of the high price of this lighting it became a status symbol for wealth and power.
By the time the 18th century had come about the chandeliers were adorning neoclassical motifs which became common. Most of the lamps were made from metal but some were still made from carved wood and gilded wood. Glassmaking was about to change the way chandeliers were produced.
Glassmaking lead the way to lead crystal and the production was much cheaper. The way the light sparkled and scattered off of the lead crystal made the most beautiful and exquisite chandeliers. This is when the crystal chandelier became very popular and still is to this day.
During this time the glass chandeliers were made by the Venetians and the Bohemians. Both were considered the most elite in the making of this type of lighting.